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Pine Slash

  • Also Known As: Prospect Hill also DHL File No.42-122

  • Address: VA 643
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Building

Pine Slash is primarily significant for the unique construction of its oldest original building, a mid-18th century dwelling. No other examples of colonial vertical plank construction have been identified in Virginia, and very few in the entire southeastern United States. The building's importance as an artifact, and as a primary document in the history of Virginia construction technology is immense. Pine Slash is also significant as Patrick Henry's home in the 1750s. The property includes the 18th-century residence; a second residence and a brick outbuilding, dating from the early 19th century; two structures dating from the mid-20th century, a family cemetery associated with the Jones family, who have dwelled at Pine Slash since the late 18th century. NRHP Registration, 19 November 1987

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Pine Slash


Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1754/00/00 John Shelton II Father of the Bride John Shelton provides dowry of six slaves and a house on 300 acres of sandy, partially cleared worn farmland with a second growth of scrub pines, Pine Slash Farm. Marriage of Sarah Shelton and Patrick Henry
1757/04/00 Patrick Henry Home In Spring, the main house is destroyed by fire. Patrick and Sarah, with their two young children, move into a small cabin on the property, now known as the Honeymoon Cottage.
1757/04/00 Sarah Shelton Henry Home In Spring, the main house is destroyed by fire. Patrick and Sarah, with their two young children, move into a small cabin on the property, now known as the Honeymoon Cottage.
1764/00/00 Patrick Henry Seller Patrick Henry farms the land at Pine Slash until he sells the property in 1764.

Data »

Particulars for Pine Slash:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Sight Category Building
Owner Private
Historic Use Secondary structure
Historic Use Single dwelling
Level of Significance State

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 19th November 1987

Registry Name: Pine Slash
Registry Address: VA 643
Registry Number: 87001946
Resource Type: Building
Owner: Private
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 138
Contributing Buildings: 3
Non-Contributing Buildings: 2
Non-Contributing Sites: 1
Other Certification: Date received-pending nomination
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Level of Significance: State
Area of Significance: Architecture
Applicable Criteria: Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1750-1799, 1825-1849
Significant Year: c 1750, 1830
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling, Secondary structure
Current Function: Domestic, Vacant, not in use
Current Sub-Function:

History »

The eminent Virginia orator Patrick Henry sought a living as a farmer and a merchant in Hanover County in the 1750s. He married Sarah Shelton in 1754. The Henrys occupied a house called Pine Slash, on land given as a dowry by Sarah's father John Shelton. When this house was destroyed by fire in 1757, the Henrys moved to the overseer's house on the property where they lived for several years. This is the building that survives. After several disappointing years as a farmer, Henry sold the property to John Syme. Henry embarked on a legal career and won great (and well-documented) fame in the Revolution.

Pine Slash, through subsequent transactions, passed to Joel Jones in 1797, and it has been the property of the Jones family to the present day. Washington Jones, son of Joel Jones, inherited the land in 1835, and deeded it to William Washington Jones in 1870. Pine Slash then passed to Lemuella Ella Jones Talley and B T Talley in 1902, in 1441 to Nannie Talley Thomas and William Talley Thomas, the current owners. NRHP Registration, 19 November 1987

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