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Dutch Harbor Naval Operating Base and Fort Mears, US Army


  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

Dutch Harbor Naval Operating Base and Fort Mears are located on Amaknak Island in Unalaska Bay, in the Aleutian Islands Chain, 800 miles west of Anchorage, Alaska. In early June 1942, Japanese aircraft attacked Unalaska in a fierce two-day bombardment that resulted in 43 American deaths. At the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor these two bases were the only US defenses in the Aleutians, and they continued as important coastal defenses throughout the war. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1940/00/00 Construction begins
1940/09/30 SS Northwestern begins her final voyage, sailing north to Dutch Harbor under her own power. Arriving in October, she became a floating barracks and power station. Final Voyages of the Northwestern
1942/06/03 Japanese Navy attack Fort Meares and Dutch Harbor Battle of Dutch Harbor
1942/06/04 United States Army Defenders Eleven Japanese Zeroes and 19 bombers attack Unalaska hitting Naval structures, fuel tanks, the hospital and a direct hit to the Northwestern' forward port deck. Battle of Dutch Harbor
1942/06/04 Japanese Navy Belligerent Eleven Japanese Zeroes and 19 bombers attack Unalaska hitting Naval structures, fuel tanks, the hospital and a direct hit to the Northwestern' forward port deck. Battle of Dutch Harbor
1945/01/00 Gore Vidal Military Gore becomes 1st mate on a army freight-supply ship at Chernowski Bay, Umnak Island. Their regular run was from Chernowski to Dutch Harbour, the port and capital village of the chain that was then very like Holland Harbour in the novel (Williwaw).

Places

PlaceAsNotedInType
PlaceAsNotedInType
Aerology Building

Data »

Particulars for Dutch Harbor Naval Operating Base and Fort Mears, US Army:
Historic Use Battle site
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Military
Historic Use Military facility
Level of Significance National
Historic Use Naval Facility
Owner Private



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 4th February 1985

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Dutch Harbor Naval Operating Base and Fort Mears, U.S. Army
Registry Address: Amaknak Island
Registry Number: 85002733
Resource Type: District
Owner: Private
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 1000
Contributing Buildings: 8
Contributing Sites: 1
Contributing Structures: 16
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Military
Applicable Criteria: Event
Period of Significance: 1925-1949
Significant Year: 1940, 1945
Historic Function: Defense
Historic Sub-Function: Naval facility, Military facility, Battle site
Current Function: Defense, Commerce, Trade, Vacant, not in use, Government
Current Sub-Function: Air facility

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