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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park


  • Address: US 27
  • Vicinity: S of Chattanooga
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

Death Knell of the Confederacy

In 1863, Union and Confederate forces fought for control of Chattanooga, known as the "Gateway to the Deep South." The Confederates were victorious at nearby Chickamauga in September. However, renewed fighting in Chattanooga that November provided Union troops victory and control of the city. After the fighting, a Confederate soldier ominously wrote, "This...is the death-knell of the Confederacy." - NPS

CHICKAMAUGA BATTLEFIELD
Visitor Center Physical Address: 3370 LaFayette Road, Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742

LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN BATTLEFIELD
Visitor Center Physical Address: 110 Point Park Road, Lookout Mountain, TN 37350


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Ulysses S Grant Union General
US National Park Service Architect
War Department Architect
1863/08/21 Eli Lilly Union Commander Eli Lilly leads the 18th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery, Union Army, at the Second Battle of Chattanooga Second Battle of Chattanooga
1863/09/20 Peyton H Colquitt Casualty Col Colquitt is mortally wounded commanding the brigade of States Rights Gist (Gist was acting as a division commander under MG W H T Walker, leading the Reserve Corps of the Army of Tennessee.) Second Battle of Chattanooga
1863/11/24 Nathan Mullin Carpenter Confederate Captain Captain Nathan Carpenter and the Confederate Rangers battle Union forces at Lookout Mountain Battle of Lookout Mountain
1898/09/00 Major S F Crecelius Military Engineer 3rd Volunteer Engineers arrive at Camp Thomas, Georgia. One company is deployed in the Invasion of Puerto Rico and involved in fighting near Coamo, the most stay in the US during. All companies would serve overseas.

Data »

Particulars for Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park:
Military Event American Civil War
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Art
Historic Use Battle site
Architectural Style Bungalow-craftsman
Building Type Cabin
Criteria Consideration Commemorative property
Area of Significance Conservation
Owner Federal
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Landscape Architecture
Building Material Log Architecture
Area of Significance Military
Historic Use Monument, Marker
Museum Type Museum
Level of Significance National
Historic Use Outdoor recreation
Criteria Person
Area of Significance Politics-government
Historic Use Secondary structure
Historic Use Single dwelling
Building plan Single pen
Area of Significance Social History
Historic Use Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art)



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 15th October 1966

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
Registry Address: S of Chattanooga on U.S. 27
Registry Number: 66000274
Resource Type: District
Owner: Federal
Architect: War Department; National Park Service
Architectural Style: Other, Bungalow-craftsman
Attribute: single-pen log cabin
Area in Acres: 8119
Contributing Buildings: 6
Non-Contributing Buildings: 7
Contributing Sites: 11
Contributing Structures: 142
Non-Contributing Structures: 10
Contributing Objects: 700
Non-Contributing Objects: 1
Other Certification: Additional documentation, Additional documentation
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Military Park
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Social history, Politics-government, Military, Landscape architecture, Conservation, Art, Architecture
Applicable Criteria: Architecture-Engineering, Person, Event
Criteria Consideration: Commemorative property
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1875-1899, 1850-1874
Significant Year: 1863, 1866, 1890
Associated People: Grant, Ulysses S., et.al.
Historic Function: Recreation and Culture, Defense, Domestic
Historic Sub-Function: Battle site, Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art), Museum, Monument, Marker, Outdoor recreation, Secondary structure, Single dwelling
Current Function: Transportation, Recreation and Culture, Domestic
Current Sub-Function: Museum Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art) Road-related Monument, Marker Outdoor recreation Secondary structure Single dwelling

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