Old Sacramento

  • Also Known As: Old Sacramento Historic District
  • Also Known As: Old Sacramento SHP

  • Address: Front and 2nd Sts
  • Vicinity: Jcts of US 40, 50, 99, and CA 16 and 24
  • Type: Historic Park
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

Situated on the lower Sacramento River, Sacramento's river port emerged in 1849-50 after the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill, in Coloma, in the Sierra Nevada mountains. Sacramento then became the terminus for the Pony Express, the first transcontinental railroad and the transcontinental telegraph. A large number of buildings dating from the 1850s to the 1880s remain in the original business district. - NPS

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Old Sacramento


Name of Notable Genus AsNotedIn Address Proximity
Name Genus AsNotedIn Address Proximity
Vernon-Brannan House
  • Sight
  • NRHPc
112 J St Front St
Big Four House, Sacramento
  • Sight
  • US NHL
  • NRHP
220 - 226 K St
Pony Express Terminal
  • Sight
  • NRHP
  • US NHL
1006 2nd St Corner of 2nd and J Streets
Tower Bridge, Sacramento
  • Sight
  • NRHP
Capitol Mall (CA 275) Spans the Sacramento River
  • Sight
  • NRHP
3 mi (4.8 km) N of Rio Vista on CA 84
J Street Wreck
  • Sight
  • NRHP
J St foot of J St, in Sacramento River
California State Railroad Museum
  • Visit
125 I St Sacramento River


Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1849/01/00 The first lots are sold in the town of Sacramento, located some two miles from John Sutter's Fort, but still located on his estate.
1850/00/00 By 1850, Sacramento emerges as the great transportation center for the Northern Mines in the Sierra Nevada mountains. Steamboats land tons of freight from San Francisco at the Sacramento docks, and from here it is carried by pack mule, trains and wagons. California Gold Rush
1850/06/00 Mark Hopkins Work Edwin H Miller Jr and Mark Hopkins open a store at 160 J St as wholesale merchants where they will remain until burned out by the 2 November 1852 fire.
1852/00/00 Darius Ogden Mills Owner Darius Ogden Mills Bank, 226 J Street, is built. D O Mills will be personally associated with this bank until 1861, when he moves to San Francisco.
1853/05/01 Collis P Huntington Work C P Huntington forms a partnership with Florian A Massol as "Huntington, Massol and Co". This association will survive until May of 1855 when Massol quits to form a new partnership with Henry Merwin at 84-86 J Street.
1863/01/08 Construction of the Transcontinental Railroad begins in Sacramento. American Transcontinental Railroad
1870/00/00 Sisson, Wallace and Co Merchants Sisson, Wallace and Co, a general agent company dealing in Chinese goods, groceries, and all kinds of family supplies at 12 J Street promotes the recruitment of supplies of Chinese labor in areas of northern California and Nevada.

Data »

Particulars for Old Sacramento:
Area of Significance Business
Area of Significance Communications
Area of Significance Exploration-settlement
Historic Use Extractive facility
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Protected Attribute Historic Park
Area of Significance Industry
Level of Significance National
Owner Private
Historic Use Road-related
Area of Significance Transportation
Locale Type US State Park

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 15th October 1966

Registry Name: Old Sacramento Historic District
Registry Address: Jcts. of U.S. 40, 50, 99, and CA 16 and 24
Registry Number: 66000219
Resource Type: District
Owner: Local, Private
Architect: Multiple
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 30
Contributing Buildings: 8
Contributing Sites: 3
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark, National Landmark boundary approved
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Industry, Transportation, Exploration-settlement, Communications
Applicable Criteria: Event
Period of Significance: 1875-1899, 1850-1874, 1825-1849
Significant Year: 1849, 1850
Historic Function: Transportation, Industry, processing, extraction, Commerce, Trade
Historic Sub-Function: Road-related, Business, Extractive facility
Current Function: Commerce, Trade, Vacant, not in use, Work in progress
Current Sub-Function: Specialty store

Creative Works »

The Secret of Macarger's Gulch (short story) Short Story Ambrose Bierce Some years afterward I met in Sacramento a man named Morgan, to whom I had a note of introduction from a friend in San Francisco. Dining with him one evening at his home I observed various 'trophies' upon the wall, indicating that he was fond of shooting.

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