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Nike Missile Site C47

  • Also Known As: NIKE Missile Base C47-Portage-Wheeler

  • Address: Co Rds 700 N and 600 N
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

The Nike defense system was a significant aspect of both civilian life and military planning during the Cold War era in the United States. Nike missiles were radar guided, supersonic antiaircraft missiles. In keeping with the U.S. doctrine of deterrence, planners hoped that systems like the Nike would make a direct attack on the continental United States so costly as to be futile. Nike Missile Site C-47 near Wheeler, Indiana, is an intact Nike base intended to protect a major potential target, Chicago. Although the Army's first surface-to-air missile defense program began in a 1944 memorandum, it was not until the Soviet Union developed new long range, high altitude bombers capable of reaching the United States, combined with the detonation of their atomic bomb in 1949, that the United States began to respond. President Truman reinforced the long held tenant that the Army was in charge of ground based antiaircraft artillery when he put them in charge of protecting the U.S. mainland from attack. - NPS


The Nike Missile Site C47 is located near Wheeler, Indiana. The Launcher Area is found on the south side of County Rd 700 N, approximately one quarter mile west of County Rd 500 W The Control Area is located on the north side of County Rd. 600 N, near the town of Wheeler. Nike Missile Site C47 is closed to the public, except the Administrative area, which is a recreational area/store, open 1:00pm to 7:00pm, Monday-Friday and 11:00 to 7:00pm Saturdays and can be contacted at 219-947-7733. Closed December 16-February 28. - NPS



Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
United States Army Architect

Data »

Particulars for Nike Missile Site C47:
Historic Use Air facility
Historic Era Cold War
Owner Federal
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Military
Architectural Style Modern Movement
Area of Significance Politics-government
Owner Private
Area of Significance Social History
Level of Significance State

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 21st January 2000

Registry Name: Nike Missile Site C47
Registry Address: Co. Rds. 700 N. and 600 N.
Registry Number: 99001669
Resource Type: District
Owner: Private, Federal
Architect: U.S. Army
Architectural Style: Modern movement
Area in Acres: 29
Contributing Buildings: 20
Contributing Structures: 13
Other Certification: Date received-pending nomination
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Level of Significance: State
Area of Significance: Military, Politics-government, Social history
Applicable Criteria: Event
Criteria Consideration: Significance of less than fifty years
Historic Function: Defense
Historic Sub-Function: Air facility
Current Function: Vacant, not in use, Recreation and Culture
Current Sub-Function: Outdoor recreation

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