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United States Capitol


  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Building

At the US Capitol Building the Senate and the House of Representatives come together to discuss, debate and deliberate national policy; develop consensus; and craft the country's laws. As the nation has grown so has the US Capitol Building: today it covers well over 1.5 million square feet, has over 600 rooms, and miles of corridors. It is crowned by a magnificent white dome that overlooks the city of Washington and has become a widely recognized icon of the American people and government. The US Capitol's design was selected by President George Washington in 1793 and construction began shortly thereafter. - US Architect of the Capital


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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Eastern Portico, US Capitol
Old Senate Chamber
Old Supreme Court Chamber
The National Statuary Hall
US Senate Chamber

Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1792/03/14 Daniel Carroll Work Commissioners to lay out the new City, Daniel Carroll, David Stuart and Thomas Johnson advertise for plans for the Capitol and for the President's Palace, offering a premium of $500 or a medal of that value for the best designs submitted for examination.
1792/03/14 David Stuart (Virginia politician) Work Commissioners to lay out the new City, Daniel Carroll, David Stuart and Thomas Johnson advertise for plans for the Capitol and for the President's Palace, offering a premium of $500 or a medal of that value for the best designs submitted for examination.
1792/03/14 Gov Thomas Johnson Work Commissioners to lay out the new City, Daniel Carroll, David Stuart and Thomas Johnson advertise for plans for the Capitol and for the President's Palace, offering a premium of $500 or a medal of that value for the best designs submitted for examination.
1793/09/18 George Washington US President George Washington lays the cornerstone to the United States Capitol building.
1793/09/18 Dr William Thornton Architect George Washington lays the cornerstone to the United States Capitol building.
1795/00/00 George Hadfield Supervisor George Hadfield supervises the construction of US Capitol from 1795 to 1798.
1797/00/00 Samuel Blodgett Architect Superintendent of Buildings for the new capital in Washington, DC
1798/09/23 James Hoban Supervisor Mr Hoban is made superintendent of work of construction on the United States Capitol. Hoban will design the interior of North Wing himself.
1800/00/00 The Library of Congress began in 1800 with a small appropriation to buy reference books. Until 1897, the Library of Congress was housed in the U.S Capitol's west center building.
1801/03/04 John Marshall (Chief Justice) US Chief Justice Chief Justice John Marshall administers the oath of office to Thomas Jefferson. The Marine Band plays for the first time at the inauguration. Outgoing President John Adams did not attend the inaugural. First Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as President of the United States
1801/03/04 Thomas Jefferson US President Dressed plainly, Thomas Jefferson delivers a 1,721-word speech in the United States Capitol's Senate chamber. First Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as President of the United States
1803/03/00 Benjamin H Latrobe Architect Benjamin H Latrobe is hired as the Surveyor of Public Buildings by Thomas Jefferson, a position he held until 1811. He constructs the US Capitol South Wing.
1814/08/24 Major-General Robert Ross British General British troops set fire to US Capitol building. Battle of Bladensburg
1815/04/18 Benjamin H Latrobe Architect Benjamin Latrobe, Second Architect of the US Capitol 1815-1817
1815/05/08 Thomas Jefferson Seller To replenish the book collection that was destroyed by the British during the War of 1812, Congress buys Thomas Jefferson's 6,487 volume library. Brought to the Capitol's west center building, the last wagon-load of books left Monticello 8 May 1815. Battle of Bladensburg
1818/00/00 Charles Bulfinch Architect Third Architect of the Capitol, 1818-1829, designed domed central portion of the US Capitol Building
1838/00/00 Francis Ormand Jonathan Smith Owner Morse ask Smith for Congressional support to build a telegraph line. Smith offers to become Morse's counsel, and in 1838, he is given a quarter interest in the patent. Smith authors a bill for 30,000 dollars for a line between Washington and Baltimore. Invention of the Telegraph
1838/00/00 Samuel F B Morse Owner Morse ask Smith for Congressional support to build a telegraph line. Smith offers to become Morse's counsel, and in 1838, he is given a quarter interest in the patent. Smith authors a bill for 30,000 dollars for a line between Washington and Baltimore. Invention of the Telegraph
1851/06/10 Thomas Ustick Walter Fourth Architect of the Capitol President Millard Fillmore approves Thomas U Walters design for new Senate and House wings
1861/02/13 John C Breckinridge US Vice President Vice President Breckinridge, presiding over the joint session of Congress that counted the electoral votes, announces that Abraham Lincoln has been elected President of the United States, defeating VP John C Breckinridge, John Bell and Stephen Douglas. Election of Abraham Lincoln
1865/11/06 Lew Wallace Presider of Military Tribunal After more than 150 witnesses, including a man from his own prison staff, testify to Wirz's harsh treatment and punishment of Prisoners for minor violations. Henry Wirz is found guilty of War Crimes against Union troops imprisoned at Andersonville. Andersonville Trial
1865/11/06 Henry Wirz Accused After more than 150 witnesses, including a man from his own prison staff, testify to Wirz's harsh treatment and punishment of Prisoners for minor violations. Henry Wirz is found guilty of War Crimes against Union troops imprisoned at Andersonville. Andersonville Trial
1866/00/00 Thomas Ustick Walter Architect Thomas Walter's new dome for the United States Capitol is built from 1855-1866, design is based on St Isaac's Cathedral in St Petersburg, Russia
1921/11/10 The Unknown Soldier lay in state in the Capitol Rotunda from his arrival in the United States until Armistice Day, 1921. Establishing the Tomb of the Unknown US Soldier
1939/06/08 Britain's King George and Queen Elizabeth tour the US Capitol. The Queen cranes her neck to see the paintings in the Rotunda. King George VI and Queen Elizabeth State Visit of Canada
1941/03/17 The House Committee on Military Affairs digest Public Law 503 in a one half hour session in which Col B M Bryan, chief of the Alien Division, is the only one to testify. Internment of Americans with Foreign Enemy Ancestry
1941/12/26 Winston Churchill Prime Minister Prime Minister of Great Britain, Winston Churchill, addresses US Congress. "I cannot help reflecting that if my father had been American and my mother British, instead of the other way round, I might have got here on my own." Winston Churchill's Washington Conference
1952/01/17 Winston Churchill UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill addresses the United States Congress in Washington.
1957/08/28 J Strom Thurmond ends his 24 hours and 18 minute filibuster against the Civil Rights Act. "Mr President, I urge every Member of this body to consider this bill most carefully. I hope the Senate will see fit to kill it. I expect to vote against the bill."
1958/05/28 Caskets of two unknown soldiers, one from World War II and one from the Korean Conflict, arrive in Washington and lay in State in the Capitol Rotunda until May 30. Establishing the Tomb of the Unknown US Soldier
1984/05/27 Ronald Reagan US President Vietnam veterans and President and Mrs Ronald Reagan visit the Vietnam Unknown in the US Capitol. Establishing the Tomb of the Unknown US Soldier
1998/12/19 William Jefferson Clinton Sugar Daddy Impeachment of Bill Clinton is initiated by the House of Representatives on one charge of perjury and one charge of obstruction of justice.

Information »

The United States Capitol Building is located in Washington, DC, at the eastern end of the National Mall on a plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River, commanding a westward view across the US Capitol Reflecting Pool to the Washington Monument 1.4 miles away and the Lincoln Memorial 2.2 miles away. - US Architect of the Capital

Data »

Particulars for United States Capitol:
Area of Significance American Politics
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Art
Sight Category Building
Building Use Capital Building
Material Georgia Stone Mountain Granite
Category for Historic Use Government
Historic Use Government Office
Area of Significance Law
Architectural Style Neoclassical
Area of Significance Politics-government




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